The benefits of forest bathing

7 November 2016

The benefits of forest bathing

Forest bathing — simply being in the presence of trees — became part of a national public health programme in Japan in 1982 when the forestry ministry coined the phrase shinrin-yoku, to encourage therapeutic time in nature. 

Numerous scientific studies in Japan have since proved that time immersed in woodland is good for your health.

Forest bathing is proven to reduce stress! Experiments on the physiological effects of a forest visit recorded lower heart rate, blood pressure and reduced cortisol (stress hormone) production. “Subjects were more rested and less inclined to stress after a forest bath.” (Park)

A study on forest psychological effects surveyed 498 healthy volunteers, twice in a forest and twice in control environments. Results showed significantly reduced hostility and depression scores, coupled with increased liveliness and feelings of wellbeing after exposure to trees. (Morita)

Forest air also improves immune system function. A Japanese study in 2009 revealed exposure to various essential oils in the woods boosts the immune system. Measurements of the activity of human natural killer (NK) cells in the immune system before and after exposure to the woods showed significant increases in NK cell activity in the week after a forest visit, and positive effects lasted a month following each weekend in the woods. These cells provide rapid responses to viral-infected cells and respond to tumour formation, and are associated with immune system health and cancer prevention. (Li)

Perhaps best of all is the simple fact that time in the forest can offer a soothing break from our 2D, multi-screen and increasingly urban daily environment. So what more excuse do you need to get into the woods and enjoy the glorious autumn colours?


Selhub & Logan, Your Brain on Nature: The Science of Nature’s Influence on your Health, Happiness and Vitality. Collins 2014.

Morita E. et al. Psychological effects of forest environments on healthy adults: Shinrin-yoku (forest-air bathing, walking) as a possible method of stress reduction. Public Health Volume 121, Issue 1, Pages 54–63.

Li Q et al. Effect of phytoncide from trees on human natural killer cell function. Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol. 2009 Oct-Dec;22(4):951-9.

Park, B.J. et al. The physiological effects of Shinrin-yoku (taking in the forest atmosphere or forest bathing): evidence from field experiments in 24 forests across Japan. Environ Health Prev Med. 2010 Jan;15(1):18-26.